Internet of Things (IoT) is a global infrastructure for the information society, enabling advanced services by interconnecting (physical and virtual) things based on existing and evolving interoperable information and communication technologies .
The research and development challenges to create a smart world are enormous. A world where the real, digital and the virtual are converging to create smart environments that make energy, transport, cities and many other areas more intelligent.
The goal of the Internet of Things is to enable things to be connected anytime, anyplace, with anything and anyone ideally using any path/network and any service. Internet of Things is a new revolution of the Internet.
New types of applications can involve the electric vehicle and the smart house, in which appliances and services that provide notifications, security, energy-saving, automation, telecommunication, computers and entertainment are integrated into a single ecosystem with a shared user interface.
Developing this technology in Europe right now by demonstrating, testing and deploying products — it will be much nearer to implementing smart environments by 2020.
With the Internet of Things the communication is extended via Internet to all the things that surround us. The Internet of Things is much more than M2M communication, wireless sensor networks, 2G/3G/4G, RFID, etc. These are considered as being the enabling technologies that make “Internet of Things” applications possible.
Robots, intelligent buildings, implantable medical devices, vehicles that drive themselves or planes that automatically fly in a controlled airspace, are examples of cyber-physical systems that could be part of Internet of Things ecosystems.
In the future batteries will recharge from radio signals, cell phones will recharge from Wi-Fi, provide power/cost savings and at the same time, higher throughput. Connected homes will enable consumers to manage their energy, media, security and appliances.
Application Areas: Smart Parking, Noise Urban Maps( Sound monitoring in bar areas and centric zones in real time). Traffic Congestion, Smart Lightning( Intelligent and weather adaptive lighting in street lights) Waste Management ,Intelligent Transportation Systems( Smart Roads and Intelligent Highways with warning messages and diversions according to climate conditions and unexpected events like accidents or traffic jams).
The developing Smart Grid, is expected to implement a new concept of transmission network which is able to efficiently route the energy which is produced from both concentrated and distributed plants to the final user with high security and quality of supply standards
By 2020 we will see the development of Mega city corridors and networked, integrated and branded cities. With more than 60 percent of the world population expected to live in urban cities by 2025.